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Water Chemistry


 Adding Chemicals - Adding chemicals to your pool is a common and necessary part of swimming pool maintenance. The way that you add chemicals to your pool water can be just as important as what chemical you use. Adding chemicals improperly can reduce their effectiveness, or even damage your pool! Most pool chemicals come in concentrated form and need to be diluted, then circulated into the entire pool. Here are some general guidelines for adding chemicals: General Tips on Adding Adding chemicals to your pool is a common and necessary part of swimming pool maintenance. The way that you add chemicals to your pool water can be just as important as what chemical you use. Adding chemicals improperly can reduce their effectiveness, or even damage your pool! Most pool chemicals come in concentrated form and need to be diluted, then circulated into the entire pool. Here are some general guidelines for adding chemicals: Many pool chemicals can be dangerous if not handled properly! Always read the safety l...   More Info

 Algae Problems - Algae comes in many varieties. Each form of algae comes with its own set of challenges, and its own way of being treated. The first step in removing an algae bloom is to determine what type of algae it is. Here are the different types of algae common to swimming pools: Mustard Algae (yellow algae) Green Algae Black Algae Mustard Algae Mustard Algae generally forms on pool walls and looks very much like a mustard stain. Brushing regularly and maintaining a proper chlorine level will usually keep yellow algae from taking hold, but sometimes it will grow anyway. There are many algaecides on the market that will treat mustard algae. Here at Aqua-Man our service techs use Swimtrine Plus which comes super-concentrated so the dosages are fairly small. Yellow out is another product that is made specifically for yellow algae, and advertises that it does not require brushing. Use whichever product you like, but remember that you may need to keep up maintenance doses of the alg...   More Info

 Calcium Scale - Calcium Scale is a white crusty buildup that usually forms on pool tiles around the water line. Pool surfaces can also get scale, which will make it feel rough on your feet and hands. Scale is caused by high calcium levels in the pool water, and usually high alkalinity as well. If your tiles have scale you will want to check the calcium hardness of your pool water with a chemical test kit. If the calcium reading is above the recommended range of 150 to 400 parts per million, you will need to drain part or all of your pool to remove the hard water and replace it with fresh tap water. To remove the scale from the tiles there are a number of tile cleaning chemicals. Bio-Dex makes a kit that has everything you need to clean and maintain your pool tiles. Pumice stone can also be used to clean the tiles without the use of chemicals, but it is a slow and very labor intensive process. If you have determined that your pool needs to be drained because of high calcium you should cl...   More Info

 Cloudy Pool Water - Cloudy pool water is the most common of all water chemistry problems. Cloudiness can be a symptom of many different water imbalances. The first reaction most people have to cloudy water is to add a clarifier product to clear it up. This is an effective solution to remove the cloudiness, but it usually doesn't cure the condition that caused the cloudiness in the first place. Think of cloudy water like a cough. You can take a cough medicine to get rid of the symptom, but if you don't get a doctor to determine the real illness you probably will continue to have other problems beyond the coughing. When your swimming pool gets cloudy it is important to do complete chemical testing on the water to find the imbalance that is causing the cloudiness. Here are common causes of cloudy pool water: High pH High Total Alkalinity Low Chlorine High Calcium Hardness Poor Circulation or Filtration If you determine that the cause of your problem is high pH or alkalinity, yo...   More Info

 Water Balance Fundamentals - Pool water chemistry is a very important part of your swimming pool's health. Most people think that simply adding chlorine tabs to their floater is all they need to do to maintain proper water chemistry. The truth is there is a lot more to it than that. The fundamental principal of water chemistry is balance. In pool care, balance means keeping all the components of water chemistry within proper ranges, not too high, not too low. The First step in maintaining balanced water is chemical testing. Testing pool water with a test kit is the only way to find out how "healthy" your pool water is. This section of our website is made to help you understand what the chemical readings from your test kit mean, and how to use them to correct any problems you may have. Here are the basic categories that are covered on this page: Chlorine pH Alkalinity Calcium Hardness Cyanuric Acid     Chlorine Ideal Range: 2-3 ...   More Info